As we age wrinkles appear on our face and body. Although wrinkles can signify wisdom, we would rather not have them. Most wrinkles appear on the parts of the body where sun exposure is greatest.

Aging of the skin is a very complex and a gradual natural process. There are two factors in the aging process: ‘internal‘, programmed in our genes and ‘external‘, caused by external harmful factors (sun damage, smoking, stress, vitamin deficiency, alcohol, hormones, air pollution and many others).

With age skin cells divide more slowly and the inner layer (dermis) begins to thin. The number of the superficial skin cell also decreases , about 10% per decade. Collagen production gradually slows down resulting in decreasing of the skin firmness.

Aging skin is less able to retain moisture and oil-secreting glands produce less sebum (skin oil). All these changes make the skin dryer, thinner, less elastic and cause it to wrinkle and sag.


Wrinkles/Aging it is lines from internal or external causes. Stress, our life style, even our attitude can contribute to our skin’s health. Free radicals in the body, dehydration, vitamin deficiency, improper nutrition, alcohol, caffeine, hormones and menopause all affect our skin’s well-being.

Typical signs of external aging are sun spots (especially on face, hands and neck), premature wrinkles, sallow skin color, loss of tone and elasticity, and broken capillaries.

Unfortunately, sun damage shows up at the same time as menopause – a double attack on woman’s outermost layer. Hormonal imbalances can lead to sensitivity, dehydration, hyperpigmentation, and micro-circulation problems that affect capillaries.

Additionally, lack of exercise, lack of rest/sleep, smoking, medications, and drugs have negative effects, inside and out.

Aging of the neck is a complex process and may have significant variation from person to person. Some people loose the tone and texture of the skin as well as underlining connective and fat tissue. On the other hand others seem to accumulate extra fat tissue with age.

Unprotected sun exposure and hormonal changes are the most powerful factors contributing to neck aging.

What should I do to avoid wrinkles?

Eat: foods which contain antioxidants such as blueberries, strawberries, apples, tomatoes, spinach, cabbage, beetroots etc along with foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids.

Drink: it keeps your skin hydrated. Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to puffy skin which sags later on.

Don’t smoke: Collagen and Elastin are responsible for keeping our skin firm and supple, smoking affects this collagen thereby causing wrinkles. Smoking also causes reduction in the blood supply, which directly translates into less oxygen being supplied to the skin, thinning the skin process. Second hand smoke can cause wrinkles too.

Don’t stress: Chronic stress is known to cause premature wrinkling.

Avoid too much Sun: Exposure to the sun’s UV rays is one of the major causes of wrinkles. The UV rays speed up the aging process by breaking down Collagen and Elastin which are needed to keep the skin firm and supple.

Remember: Deep wrinkling is not associated with the normal- or internal- aging process: fine lines are normal, deep wrinkles are not. The sun’s UVA rays penetrate deeply into the dermis and cause the breakdown, disorganization and cross-linking of collagen.

Although it is impossible to reverse aging completely, there are many ways to prevent premature aging and improve the appearance of aging face. It is crucial to maintain a healthy life style, quit smoking, and wear sunblock with SPF 30 to prevent premature aging.

At Svetlana’s Skin Secrets we will develop a treatment regimen specifically for you, based on your age, skin type and personal expectations.